Tech

Growing tiny tumours in the lab could help treat cancer

Giving up their secrets ALMOST half a century after Richard Nixon declared war on cancer, there has been plenty of progress. But there is still no cure. One reason is that “cancer” is an umbrella term that covers many different diseases. Although the fundamental mechanism is always the same—the uncontrolled proliferation of cells—the details vary enormously. Leukaemia is not the ...

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The first voyager to another star may be a worm or a tardigrade

An ambassador to aliens? SPACE is cold. So, when launching dogs for early space missions, Soviet rocket scientists chose strays like Laika that had survived on the streets during Moscow’s freezing winter. Today, in contrast, some researchers working on an ambitious effort to dispatch craft to Alpha Centauri, the nearest solar system to Earth’s, see the chill of space not ...

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The latest unmanned drone is a version of an existing manned one

Look! No hands… IN THE future, the skies of cities may belong to aerial drones. These are spiderlike devices with four or more propellers (thus often known as quadcopters, hexacopters, octocopters and so on) that provide both lift and thrust. The hope is that autonomous, self-guided versions of these will deliver anything from pizzas to passengers from door to door ...

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A randomised trial shows that the power of the press is real

MALCOLM X, an American political activist, described the media as the most powerful entity on Earth, “because they control the minds of the masses”. Some journalists may find this proposition flattering, but though those who study such things agree newspapers exert some influence over their readers, the effect has proved devilishly difficult to quantify. Now, Gary King of Harvard University ...

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A bird’s alarm calls do not always come out of its beak

Nice primaries, dahling CHARLES DARWIN was fascinated by bird communication. In “The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex” he devoted equal space to both the sorts of sounds that emerge from birds’ beaks and the more percussive noises that they make with other parts of their bodies, such as their feet and feathers. He speculated that both ...

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Smelly farms may succumb to subtle science

I love the smell of para-cresol in the morning FARMYARDS smell. There is no getting away from that. They smell because of the excrement produced by the animals which live there. And however carefully this excrement is dealt with—whether by modern versions of the time-honoured process of muck-spreading that inject it below the surface of the fields it is fertilising; ...

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Enhanced understanding of the microbiome is helping medicine

WHEN, at the turn of the century, the first human genomes were sequenced, many biologists felt they had had delivered into their hands the keys to unlocking numerous puzzles about disease. Since then there has indeed been a fruitful effort to understand how the thousands of human genes which control hormones, enzymes and other molecules of the body serve to ...

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